What are English bonds?

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Vocabulary for securities industry (part 2)

21. Treasury shares (Treasury stock)Treasury shares are shares that the issuing company buys back from the stock market.

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22. Primary StockPrimary shares are shares issued at the time of establishment of an enterprise or the equitization of a State enterprise.23. Bonus sharesThere are two cases of stock bonus: bonus for major contributors and bonus for all shareholders.24. Preferred stockPreferred stock allows its holders to pay dividends before common stock holders.25. Dividend (Dividend)A dividend is a portion of after-tax profits distributed to the shareholders of a joint-stock company.


26. Book ValueCarrying value shows what the net worth of a company’s assets would be left if the company were to go out of business immediately.27. Market capitalizationMarket capitalization is a measure of the size of a business, is the total market value of the business, determined by the amount of money spent to buy back this business in its current condition.28. Alpha coefficient (Alpha indicator)Alpha is a risk-adjusted rate of return measure.29. Beta coefficient (Beta indicator)Beta, also known as beta, is a measure of the volatility or systematic risk of a security or a portfolio in relation to the market as a whole.30. Price to Book ratioThe market-to-book ratio is a ratio used to compare the market value of a stock to its book value.

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31. Bankruptcy Ratio (Z-Score)Bankruptcy risk coefficient helps investors better assess risk, and even predict the bankruptcy risk of a business in the near future.32. Return on AssetsThis is an indicator that shows the correlation between a company’s profitability relative to its assets. ROA tells us how efficiently a company is using its assets to make a profit.33. Capital Asset Pricing ModelThe general idea behind the capital asset pricing model is that when investors make a capital investment in any asset, they are compensated in two ways: time value of money and risk. ro.34. Bull marketA bull market is a bull market, a financial market in which the prices of securities (mainly stocks) rise faster than their historical average, over a long period of time (several months). with a large volume of sales.35. Bear MarketThe market is in a downtrend Price falls for an extended period of time.36. LiquidityLiquidity is understood as the ability of securities or debts, receivables… to be easily converted into cash, convenient for payment or spending.37. DebentureA bond is a debt instrument that is not backed by any tangible assets or collateral, but is backed by a degree of confidence in the ability to repay or the reputation of the company issuing the bond.


38. Bonds (Bonds)A bond is an interest-bearing certificate issued by a government or a business that promises to pay the bondholder a certain amount of money at a specified time.39. Convertible BondAs the name implies, convertible bonds are bonds that the holder has the ability to convert them into a certain amount of shares of the issuing company. When initially issued, these bonds act like regular corporate bonds, offering slightly lower interest rates.

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40. Dividend-to-share market ratio (Dividend Yield)The Dividend Yield Index is an effective tool to help investors decide which businesses to invest in. This index reflects the relationship between dividends received by investors and the market price of stocks that investors buy.


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