TP – “Nhu Y” is a concept found in the ancient Sino-Vietnamese language treasure *, so popular that no one needs to translate the word meaning.
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In the mind of each person, mentioning “Ru Ying” is referring to what is good (Cat Tuong) wishes to get what he wishes to see, so “Auspicious wishes”, “All things go well” are Wishing, good wishes, we pray for our family, for friends and relatives, everything will be satisfied every time Tet comes.
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The concept of “As I wish” would not be worth discussing if it weren’t for its origin, which is the name of a “thing” with long-standing cultural, artistic and historical value, which is what As the”.
The name “Ru Yi” officially appeared in China for the first time about 1640 years ago, in a book called “Ten Di Diaries” by author Wang Jia of the Jin Dynasty.
The image of the “thing” with the above name appears in a fresco painting around the middle of the Tang period depicting the Bodhisattva Manjushri. In that painting, Manjushri Bodhisattva looks majestic and wise, sitting on the Lotus Flower Stupa, holding a long object with his head curved like a hand.
The original image of “Like Will” carries a clear message that symbolizes wisdom and understanding, which is the power of Manjushri Bodhisattva.
In the process of researching and researching about the origin of the “Ru Y” sword, it was determined that it is closely related to a type of staff (because of the shape of a hand, so it is also called a staff) that originated in Vietnam. In India, it is a personal tool used daily by monks in ancient times, called Anuruddha in Sanskrit, meaning “Indestructible” or “Poverty”.
Similar objects have also been found in Confucius’ home town, Qu Fu, in Shandong province, China, dating back to the end of the Warring States period.
The object “Ruyi” was found carved with the shape of a hand, about 40 cm long with a carved cloud pattern, made from animal teeth.
In addition, objects with similar shapes are also found and kept in the treasures of traditional Japanese culture.
Over time, along with the development of culture and society, the symbolic meaning of “Ru Y” also changes according to the will of people like its name.
The shape of “Ru Y” is also richly stylized and increasingly beautiful, often decorated with carved words or auspicious images of Phuc – Loc – Tho.
The material is sometimes hewn from precious wood, carved with jade, coral or cast in pure gold, then covered with pearls or other precious materials, used in the Royal Palace or mandarin as a symbol of authority. and grace.
In the Royal Palace, the more elaborately complicated “Ru Y” is, the more precious the materials are, the more honoring the owner’s respective noble status.
In some later cultural studies, it is also said that “Ru Y” may even be the image of Yang in the yin-yang relationship, implying prosperity, a wish for the same reproduction. race.
The “wishful wish” in the Tang, Song, and Ming dynasties later became a popular item of monks in both Buddhism and Taoism, as well as a favorite personal item of the literary world.
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In the Qing Dynasty, “Ru Y” was also used as an important object in the marriage ceremony in the Royal Palace.
Some emperors of the Qing Dynasty, when opening banquets to entertain their officials, often used “Ru Y” to reward people with meritorious services, sometimes giving “Ru Y” to generals before going to battle with the intention of becoming a monk. satisfactory success, in addition, giving “Ruyi” to the emissaries and kings of other countries is also quite common.
In the “Four books of the whole book”, it is also clearly recorded that the Emperor Qianlong gave An Nam envoy, deputy envoy and entourage some precious objects such as Ngoc Quan Am and “Ru Y” made of jade. This is probably the most authentic culture about the appearance of “Nhu Y” in our Vietnam.
In the language, the concept of “Nhu Y – Cat Tuong” has been Vietnameseized with the meaning of “good, wish to see”, and the sacred object “Nhuc Y” also actually appears quite a lot in Vietnam in the past few years. In recent times, sometimes it is meticulously carved with wood, sometimes carved with jade stone combined with carefully crafted precious wooden shelves, becoming a pair of “wooden stones” placed on the table.
Entering the last years of the last century until now, when the explosive economic development caused the cultural meaning of “Ru Y” to also change markedly, each individual’s desire to get rich has led to the fact that the image of “Nhu Y” gradually becomes a sacred symbol of praying for luck and fortune.
This feature is even more evident when “Ru Y” is sometimes accompanied by the image of the god Loc Tinh in the “Three Da” Phuc Loc Tho, sometimes it is cast with the statue of Maitreya Bodhisattva.
In the image that our people still call “the Maitreya Buddha” today, it is often seen as a plump figure, shoulder carrying gold coins, hand holding “Ru Y” with a full smile, often accompanied by the inscription. “Golden jade is full of the road” (Yellow is full of house), this is actually a symbol of Luck, Fortune and Happiness in everyone’s wishes.
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|* In the Vietnamese Dictionary, Da Nang Publishing House, Center for Dictionaries 1997, page 705, the word “Nhu Y” is simply explained as: “According to my wishes”. The suggestion is: Wish all the best. As desired (old): As desired.|