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You are viewing: What is a Direct object
In the process of learning English, most learners already know the basic components that make up a complete sentence, including subject, verb and object. In this article, the author will analyze about objects in sentences and specifically how to distinguish direct and indirect objects in English for those who are new to grammar or are at a basic level that can understand. Learn more about this grammar point.
What is New Language?
object (Object) is a word or phrase that refers to a person or thing affected by the subject. An object is a part of a sentence, and often part of a predicate. It refers to someone or something that is involved in performing the subject’s action.
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David is repairing his car. (David is fixing his car.)
In the sentence above:
David is a proper noun that is the subject of the sentence and the object of the action.
“is repairing” is an action verb in the present continuous.
“his car” is a noun indicating the object that receives the “repair” action. Therefore, “his car” is the direct object of the sentence.
He invited Mary to the party. (He invited Mary to the party.)
In the sentence above:
He is the pronoun that is the subject of the sentence and the object of the action.
“invited” is an action verb in the past simple.
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“Mary” is the proper noun of the person who receives the act of “invite”. Therefore “Mary” is the direct object of the sentence.
Indirect object language is a pronoun or noun indicating a person or thing that receives the action of an action verb indirectly, that is, it must be through a direct object to receive the previous action. The indirect object occurs directly between the verb and its direct object.
How to distinguish direct object and indirect object?
How to determine whether an object in a sentence is a direct or indirect object:
The direct object is the answer to the questions “what/who receives the action?”:
1. David is repairing his car.
Question: What is David Repairing? : his car (“his car” is the object receiving the action “repair”)
2. He invited Mary to the party.
Question: Who did he invite? : Mary (“Mary” is the object receiving the action “invite”)
Indirect objects are answers to the questions “for whom/for what/for what?”
1. He bought his son a bike.
Question: For whom did he buy a bike? : his son (the subject “he” performed the action “bought” for the subject “his son”)
2. Anna sent her brother a present.
Question: To whom did Anna send a present? : her brother (subject “Anna” performed the action “sent” to the object “her brother”)
Summarize the difference between direct object and indirect object
Direct object language
Noun or pronoun that receives the action of the action verb
Does not depend on indirect object
Indirect object language
Indirect object is the object of the beneficiary of an action performed by another object
An indirect object cannot exist without a direct object.
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Through the above concepts and examples, the author hopes that English learners can distinguish the difference between direct object and indirect object in the sentence. Knowing this grammar point will help learners read and understand English sentences more effectively and gradually improve their writing skills so that they are more grammatically correct and meaningful. With the IELTS Foundation course at webgiaidap.com, students will be provided with basic grammar topics such as composition and sentence structure to create a premise for effective IELTS exam preparation.