What is a word count – TroubleinthepeaceS


Today, we invite you to join the Vision Vietnamese language center to learn about “quantity of words” in Chinese; hopefully after this lesson we will not be confused about their usage anymore. Now let’s get started!

I. Definition

Quantities are words that represent units of measurement.

You are viewing: What is a word count?

II. Classify

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Learn about Quantities

Quantities can be divided into two categories:

1. A noun is a word that denotes a unit of quantity of a person or thing

Example: límǐ(gaso – ti – meter ), yuán(dong, currency), 点 diǎn(bit, little), 个 gè (that), duì(pair, pair)

2. Momentum is a word used to express the number of movements and behaviors

For example: Cì (time, turn), 遍 table (time), 回 huí (recovery), 趟tang (trip)

III. Grammatical features of quantifiers

1. Quantities are not used independently

2. Quantities must be used after the number or demonstrative pronoun

Example: yīgè(1 , zhè huí (this time)

3. Number of repeatable single-syllable words, meaning “each”

For example: Gè gè (Each one),家家Jiā jiā(Every house),次次Cì cì(Every time)

IV. Grammar function

1. Quantities are always accompanied by numbers or demonstrative pronouns to form a “quantity phrase”, which is considered a part of a sentence.

Example:一 本(as a determiner)

Tā mǎile yī běn shū.

He bought a book.

我 看 了一 遍(as a complement)

Wǒ kànle yībiàn.

I watched it once.

我 要三 个(as object)

Wǒ yao san ge.

I took three.

2. Quantities cannot stand alone as part of a sentence.

V. A few things to keep in mind when using quantifiers

1. Do not omit the amount of words

Example:三 汽车s(O)

Wǒmen jiā yòu sān qìchē.

我 家 有三 辆 汽车s(X))

Wǒjiā yǒusān liáng qìchē.

My house has three cars.

REMIND: In Chinese, it is mandatory to add a word count between the number of words and the noun. Quantitative is a feature of the Chinese language, it must be noted.

2. Do not arbitrarily use the amount of words

Example:ssOs

Zhège gōngyuán li yǒu xǔduō gè měilì de huā.

In this park there are many flowers.

s(X))

Zhège gōngyuán li yǒu xǔduō zhǒng měilì de huā.

In this park there are many beautiful flowers.

REMIND: In Chinese, the combination of nouns and quantifiers is fixed, each noun has an accompanying word count, which cannot be arbitrarily used. It is imperative to remember carefully the corresponding relationship between nouns and quantifiers. Although the quantity of words 个 has a high frequency of use, it cannot replace all other words.

Example: ( O ), ( X ) (A flower)

一 个 纸 ( O ), ( X ) (A sheet of paper)

一 个 笔 ( O ), ( X ) (A pen)

一 个 酒 ( O ), ( X ) (A bottle of wine)

一 个 饭 ( O ), ( X ) (A meal)

3. Before the quantity of words, the number of words cannot be missing

For example:

,( O )

Wǒmen de sùshè lou yǒuwǔ céng, wǒ zhù zái sān lou de gè fángjiān lǐ.

我们 的 宿舍 楼 有 五 层, 我 住 在 三 楼 的一 个,( X )

Wǒmen de sùshè lou yǒu wǔ céng, wǒ zhù zái sān lou de yīgè fángjiān lǐ.

Our dorm building has 5 floors, I live in a room on the 3rd floor.

REMIND: In the example listed above, before the word count 个 lacks the word count. Chinese grammar stipulates that, when there is a word count in a sentence, it must be preceded by a number of words or a demonstrative pronoun or an interrogative pronoun ..

There is only one exception, when the number of words is “ 一 ” and the noun following the quantifier is the object of the sentence, the number of words “ ” can be omitted.

Example:

Wǒ mǎile lang chē

I bought the car.

4. For nouns that have the properties of quantifiers, we do not need to add quantifiers.

For example:

我 在 上海 住 了 半 个 年, 在 北京 住 了 半 个 年, 来 中国 已经 一 个 年 了.( O )

Wǒ zái sánghǎi zhùle table gè nián, zái běijīng zhùle table gè nián, drive zhōngguó yǐjīng yīgè niánle.

See also: What is Chromium – What is the difference between Chromium and Chrome

,( X )

Wǒ zái ssanghǎi zhùle banhnián, zái běijīng zhùle banhnián, driving zhōngguó yǐjīng yī niánle.

I have lived in Shanghai for half a year, lived in Beijing for half a year, and been in China for a year.

REMIND: In Chinese, there are a number of monosyllabic words, if there are nouns with the quality of quantifiers in front of them, for example 日、天、国、月、岁、分钟、秒,… We call them “nouns” has the property of a quantifier”. When these words appear in a sentence, they can be used directly with numerals or demonstrative pronouns, without the need for additional prepositions.

For example: (3 days), (5 countries), (July),

6 years old), bā g (Lesson 8)

5. When denotes the length of time, there must be no shortage of words in front

Example:( O )

Wǒ yǐjīng yī yuè méiyǒu jiē boo jiālǐ de xinle.

s( X )

Wǒ yǐjīng yīgè yuè méiyǒu jiē boo jiālǐ de xinle.

I haven’t received a letter from my family for a month now.

REMIND: 月 in the example above is not the same as 年 and 天,年 and is a noun with the property of quantifiers, it denotes the length of time, can be used directly with the number of words, for example: 一天 ( denotes 24 hours, denotes 12 months), but is not a noun with the property of quantifiers, it is just a noun indicating time, a noun indicating time indicates the position of time . So when used, if used directly with the number of words, it does not represent the length of time, it only represents the month of the year. For example: 一月(January 1). Only when adding the word count 个 between the word count and 月 does it indicate the length of time.

For example: 五个月 (150 days); May

三个月 (90 days); March)

ATTENTION: In speech, if you add two words , you can omit the number of words . in the middle.

6. The amount of words can not be used much.

Example:( O )

Wǒ forgeshi nagè wèi jiao taijí shop de lǎoshī.

s( X )

Wǒ forgedshí na wèi jiao taijí shop de lǎoshī.

I know that tai chi teacher.

REMIND: In the above example, 个 and 位 are both quantifiers, both can be used with nouns referring to people, but in Chinese, before a noun, there can only be an accompanying quantifier.

7. Indefinite quantity” ‘don’t go with word numbers

Example:( O )

Zhèxiē wǔ gè xīguā shì shéi mǎi de.

( X)

Zhèxiē xīguā shí shéi mǎi de?

Who bought these watermelons?

( X)

Zhè wǔ gè xīguā shí shéi mǎi de?

Who bought these 5 watermelons?

REMIND: 些 is an indefinite quantity, so it is not used directly with word counts. It can only be preceded by the word number 一 or the demonstrative pronoun 这、那.

ATTENTION: The number of words 一 in front of 些 also does not denote a specific number, but is accompanied by 些 to denote an unknown quantity.

8. Indefinite quantity” 一点儿 ‘ is not used after a noun.

Example:( O )

Wǒ kěle, xiǎng hē shuǐ yīdiǎnr.

s( X )

Wǒ kěle, xiǎng summer yīdiǎnr shuǐ

REMIND: 一点儿 is similar to 一些 , which is also a word denoting an indefinite quantity. When used, it can only be used before a noun.

Example: ( O )

吃 一点儿 东西 ( X ) (eat something)

看法 一点儿 ( O )

一点儿 看法 ( X ) (1 few comments)

看 书 一些 ( O )

看 一些 书 ( X ) (see some books)

报纸 一些 ( O )

一些 报纸 (X) (a newspaper article)

9. Confusion in usage of time units

For example:

s( O )

Zái zhōngguó wǒmen měi jié wǔshí fēn, zái měiguó wǒmen měi jié yī xiǎoshí yī xiǎoshí shíwǔ fēn.

在 中国 我们 每 节 课五十 分钟s( X )

Zái zhōngguó wǒmen měi jié wǔshí fēnzhōng, zái měiguó wǒmen měi jié g yī xiǎoshí shíwǔ fēn.

REMIND: Quantities of time units in Chinese have 小时,分,分钟,秒,刻。 When using the amount of words , it should be noted, if before the number of words representing time there is no , then after the number of words must use 分钟, for example: 三十五分钟 (35 minutes). If before the number of words indicating time there is 小时, then after the number of words can use 分, omit 钟, for example: 两小时十五分 (2 hours 15 minutes).

See also: What is Reach – Meaning of the word Reach

So we have finished learning this lesson today together. Hope you have a great day studying and working.

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