What makes Vinglish, the typical Vietnamese pronunciation of English and so famous (or scandalous) that it has been included in the English dictionary? Part of that is because we don’t use the correct articulation organs while speaking.
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In fact, when we have mastered our mother tongue, we still do not know and do not need to know our sound organs. But learning pronunciation in the process of mastering a foreign language, especially when that foreign language is foreign and has many different sounds from the mother tongue, mastering the sound structure, knowing a particular sound is due to The organs that make up sounds, posture, position, how the air comes out, will help you pronounce those sounds correctly.
Differences in sound structure in English and Vietnamese
You can argue like this: when I hear a sound, I can imitate it, but everyone’s ears are different, teachers, including native teachers, due to different facial structure, each person will have a different voice. different pictures and voices. So if you just mimic the mouth and voice without understanding how the organs of speech are involved, you’re likely to get it wrong. Or even, when you meet different teachers, you will be confused to see the difference of the same sound.
Vietnamese for pronunciation mainly uses the vocal organs in front of the oral cavity, while English uses the organs outside, anterior, middle and behind the oral cavity. Therefore, when we are heavily influenced by the habit of using Vietnamese pronunciation organs to speak English, we will have Vinglish characteristics.
The solution is that you have to know the organs of sound structure and posture, position, how the air comes out when creating sounds to pronounce correctly.
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The following are the structural organs you will encounter in English pronunciation descriptions:
lips (adjective from labial – / ˈleɪbiəl/ ): lips, the sound that combines two lips is called Bilabial. Bilabial sounds include:
teeth (adjective dental – / ˈdent(ə)l/ ) : tooth. Sounds in this position include: <θ, ð>
The sound that combines the lower lip and upper teeth is called Labialdential: The sounds in this position include:
alveolar ridge (its adjective is alveolar – /ælˈviːələ(r)/ ) : refers to the part of the oral cavity adjacent to the gums, at this position there is a raised ridge running along the root of the tooth, Vietnamese call it profit, Behind the gums is the roof of the mouth. Sounds in this position include:
Post-alveolar ridge (its adjective is: Post-alveolar has the word Palato alveolar): The part that adjoins the posterior gingiva (alveolar ridge) and is located between the gingiva and the hard palate. Sounds in this position: <ʃ, ʒ, tʃ, dʒ>
hard palate (adjective: palatal – / ˈpælət(ə)l/ ) : the next part of the palate of the Post-alveolar ridge and the anterior part of the palate, also known as the hard palate. This position has only one sound: < j >
soft palate or velum (adjective velar – / ˈviːlə(r)/ ): the back of the mouth is adjacent to the hard palate, also known as the soft palate. Sounds in this position:
nasal cavity (adjective: nasal – / ˈneɪz(ə)l/ ) : nasal cavity. Nasal sounds include
glottis (adjective: glottal – / ˈɡlɒt(ə)l/ ) : Glottis, this is the most important part word for pronunciation. This part is located right on the neck and is actually a circle. On that circle there are 2 thin membranes (membranes), which normally separate, but when we speak, these two thin films close, air passes through the opening to create vibrations (vibration) from which sound is emitted. The only sound in English in this position is < h >
tongue (adjective: lingua) : tongue – has parts: tip, blade, front, central, back and root. In all sounds, tongue is involved. The parts of the tongue combine with the aforementioned parts of the oral cavity to produce the corresponding sounds.
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For exampleụ: The vowel /p/ is called bilabial stop voiceless. This means that if you want to pronounce p, you have to block the air flow at 2 lips (bilabial)completely (stop) and makes no sound (voicedless).
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