What is Anarchy – TroubleinthepeaceS


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1. Anarchy is no organization, no order, no chaos… Anarchist ideology holds that the revolutionary task is to first liberate the individual, abolish the state and the government. …that the dictatorship of the proletariat (robbing the government) is unnecessary (Vietnamese dictionary).

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2. Chaos and disorder (anarchie,anarchisme- French-Vietnamese dictionary-Dao Duy English).

3. There is no control in society, lawlessness, chaos (anarchy, anarchism-English-Vietnamese dictionary, Institute of Linguistics).

4. The ideology of the petty bourgeoisie and the rogue proletariat. Hostile to scientific Communism, anarchism propagates the abolition of state and government (Dictionary of Philosophy).

Such anarchist thought is a revolution to liberate individuals from the control of the state and government (law) but not class liberation. Because it is a revolution, many anarchist thinkers participated in the 1st International. Because the dictatorship of the proletariat was also a shackle of individual freedom, which was not needed, these people were later expelled from the Communist international.

5. A relatively complete definition: Anarchism or anarchism is a political theory opposed to all forms of state. Anarchist thinkers hold that humanity’s greatest achievement type is personal freedom. They believe that in order to have absolute democracy for the people (each individual), the laws and state institutions must be abolished, each individual has absolute freedom, each individual decides for himself. resolve relationships, do not harm each other, are not inhibited by any external factors. In order for each member of society to have absolute freedom to perfect and fully express themselves, all types of states must be abolished. If someone tries to harm others, it will be resisted by well-meaning individuals (not the law, that’s the personal autonomy of saints-NV) who cooperate voluntarily to solve, not governed by any state power. That is the only limit of individual freedom (i.e. prohibiting behavior against humanity, against humanity),

(Abridged from Microsoft reference library 2005: “Anarchism, political theory that is opposed to all forms of government. Anarchists believe that the highest attainment of humanity is the freedom of individuals to express themselves, unhindered by any form of repression or control from without.” They will hold that the perfection of humanity will not be held until all government is abolished and each individual is left absolutely free. One limitation on such freedom, however, is the ban against injuring other human beings. From this limitation arises another: If any human being attempts to injure others, all well-meaning individuals have the right to organize against him or her, and the orderly class may repress the criminal class, although only by voluntary cooperation and not under any governmental organization.”)

Included in the definition of anarchist ideology are also political institutions with no rules, inappropriate laws, laws without enforcement, wrong enforcement, no place, power to govern. by verbal orders, by handwritten letters, by blaming subordinates, convicting people based on views and stances… Here we can take back the evidence of Professor Le Dang Doanh about his subordinates’ failure to comply. orders from superiors because they know how to rely on the leadership of the party (makes laws, orders of the state, and superiors invalid) or the lament of the Prime Minister when he says that he cannot remove his subordinates because of his subordinates. He is a loyal party member. And when power rules the habit of anarchy, there will be anarchy in society. The disturbances in land, urban management, social order, budget management (people’s sweat), and current shady alliances … are proofs of anarchy in the economy. Vietnamese politics and society.

Some typical thinkers of anarchism:1. Proudhon, Pierre Joseph (1809-65), French, famous work: The Philosophy of Misery Marx rejected this work when he wrote The Misery of the philosophy. end of philosophy). He vehemently attacked the right to private property.2. Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1814-76), Russian, main work God and the State, published posthumously (1882). He opposed Marx (dictation of the proletariat) and was expelled from the First International in 18723. Kropotkin, Pyotr Alekseyevich (1842-1921), Russian, self-proclaimed Communist anarchist, the work of he had Memoirs of a Revolutionist (1885)4. Max Stirner (1808-1858), German, he was the one who said the following: “For me nothing is above me… I declare war on every state, even the most democratic”. (That’s also Tu Hai’s thought in the story of Kieu: “Who knows who’s on the top”-NV)5. Makhno, Nestor Ivanovich (1889-1934), anarchist uprising against the Bolchevik revolution in Ukraine, sometimes fighting the Red Army, sometimes allying with the Red Army against General Denikin. When Denikin was defeated, he was turned back by the Red Army. extermination. He fled abroad for the rest of his life. Perhaps Mackhno was the Ukrainian peasant who carried out the first anarchist dictatorship of the 20th century(?).6. In the US there are Alexander Berkman (of Polish origin) and Emma Goldman (of Lithuanian origin). The second person was a woman, very interested in the October socialist revolution. In 1919 she was deported to Russia by the US. After a while she spoke out again criticizing the Soviet regime and left Russia. She died in 1940 in Canada

These people call themselves or are classified into the following schools of anarchism:-individualist anarchism-union anarchism-communist anarchism

Marx, Lenin said about man and anarchism:

-“The ideology of the petty bourgeoisie and the rogue proletariat…they are especially hostile to the dictatorship of the proletariat….(they) do not understand “the class struggle is a establishable creative force.” socialism” (Lenin Complete Collection-Excerpt from Dictionary of Philosophy).

For anarchist thinkers, the criticism is equally harsh:

-“The Russian anarchist Bacunin… is the enemy of the theory and practice of scientific socialism”-“Kaspar Schmidt alias Max Stirner and Proudhon are stubborn preservers of modern society but cleansed from the factors that cause society to revolutionize and destroy society… Proudhon is the enemy of the class struggle, of the proletarian revolution, of the dictatorship of the proletariat” – “Kropotkine is the enemy of the proletariat.” of scientific socialism because he advocated using morality to influence the exploiting classes and the government first” (not to overthrow them)-“Makhno is the mercenary of imperialism , commanded the counter-revolution of the Cuckoos” (landlords)-…Marx, Engels, Lenin… vehemently denounced anarchism without seeing that dictatorship was its midwife. The profound similarity of both doctrines is to make revolution in the name of the poor.

Dictatorship is the mother of anarchy. It is the idea of ​​extreme individual freedom, absolute or in the name of society, but in fact it is individualism or faction and in society, people with absolute freedom can do whatever they like, only tyrants. It makes sense when someone commented: great works were built under tyrants. There are also people who want to be tyrants to build great works for future generations. In this day and age there is another way to build great works without sacrificing the blood and bones and happiness of the people.

Dictatorship is delegating unlimited power to one person (or party) to rule over the people. The tendency of power in general is to covet absolute power and absolute submission. That covetousness breeds dictatorship. The monarchy dictatorship, the military dictatorship (warrior), the bourgeois dictatorship, the fascist dictatorship, the proletarian dictatorship, the religious dictatorship… all share the same lust for power: Nothing, No one has the right to monitor the right and wrong of ruling power.

-Inside the Marxist-Leninist doctrine: It advocates the dictatorship of the proletariat. The party of the leading class of society is comprehensive and absolute. That is, the party has full authority to act to ensure that the dictatorship of the proletariat is fully implemented. That policy gives rise to ideas and acts of abuse of power, standing above the law, undermining power and often causing chaos in society. So many people consider a limitless power, the corruption (of power) is also limitless. The manifestation of that ultimate corruption is anarchy in the exercise of ruling power and in all social activities.

Power mechanism: Subordinates escape from superiors, superiors blame subordinates.

-Democratic grassroots: The locality separates from the central government, the ideology of the lord always raises his head… Some people say that every party secretary is a lord.

– Level of awareness, management: Although there are criteria of talent and virtue, loyalty is decisive. It is enough to show allegiance to the dictatorship of the proletariat that there is full freedom to act (anarchy).

-Embezzlement, bribery, and dictatorial power are also sharp manifestations of anarchist ideology.

See also: What is a utility – The meaning of the word utility

The lust for boundless power is the mother of thought, abuse of power, anarchy.

What are the consequences of anarchic thought and behavior?

It is the disorder of society, the mourning of the working people, the people’s contempt for the ruling power, the dissolution of the moral and political consciousness in each citizen…

Why is Marxism so hostile to anarchist ideology when the dream of a society in which each individual is completely liberated from the constraints of the institutions of both is the same?

Those two ideas have one fundamental difference:

-Anarchism advocates the abolition of law and the right state. progress to anarchy (self-destructive state). Therefore, both Marx, Lenin and the Communists consider anarchists as agents of the bourgeoisie, compromise with the exploiting bourgeoisie, and abolish the struggle for power of the bourgeoisie. proletarian level.

In fact, every violent revolution, every uprising, all riots, assassinations, terrorism… have latent in them the element of anarchy, that is, the will to destroy, not to respect. , do not comply with the regulations. Acts of anarchy always bring destruction, war, death, disorder, poverty, backwardness.

The people’s dictatorship includes the element of anarchy?

Two of the three references to people’s democracy mentioned above have the potential for anarchy. That is the tradition of the Confucian monarchy and the Marxist proletariat autocracy. The Tuoi Tre newspaper also quoted the defense of Fang Ning, vice president of the Institute of Political Science of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences: “It is hard to believe that an economy can develop at such a fast rate. 9% per year for more than 20 years without the support of a political democracy.”

The evidence for this Chinese-style democracy is not very convincing. After World War I, Germany was defeated, in serious crisis due to the destruction of the war and the reparation debts to be paid. Hyperinflation made Germany miserable. Hitler and the Nazi party implemented a policy of supra-racial dictatorship (higher national pride) that made Germany strong. Germany’s wealth after World War I was not due to Germany having a good democratic politics, but to the brutal dictatorship and demagogy of a fascist party. Due to such development, Germany was forced to launch World War II. With such an argument, North Korea can also say that because of its preeminent democratic politics, it has built an atomic bomb.

China with a people’s democracy under the leadership of the Communist Party of China guaranteed by the people’s dictatorship (actually a one-party dictatorship) will also follow in the footsteps of the Nazis, must stimulate democracy. Nationalism, the Han people, increased military equipment to suppress inside, threaten outside… Small countries next to China are right to fear, the world’s genuine suspicion of China is reasonable. If China wants to be trusted and respected by the world, it should give up authoritarian and authoritarian references in the formation of a Chinese-style democracy. At that time, Chinese society will develop more sustainable and friendly. If a great country like China develops under the rule of both dictatorship and anarchy, what will be the consequences for themselves and the whole world we can see.

How to understand people’s dictatorship? Is it the all-people dictatorship or is it still the Communist Party’s dictatorship? If it is a dictatorship of the entire people, then the object of the dictatorship is a foreign country? If it is a communist dictatorship, it is still a dictatorship of a party and the object of a dictatorship is the rest of the Chinese nation. The use of words in the white paper is nothing new, Jean Jacques Chevallier in the work “Les grandes œuvres politiques” (Vietnamese translation of “Political novels” by Professor Le Thanh Hoang Dan, Professor Nguyen Van Bong, title, Young Publishing House, Cho Lon 1971) used the phrase “ism” “dictatorship of the democracy” means the imposition of the will of the majority on the minority in society (chapter on JJ Rousseau’s work Du contrat social. ). Such an imposition is not really democracy, but the imposition of the will of (in the name of) the majority on the rest (still a dictatorship, a dictatorship of the majority). When there is such a dictatorship, at the same time there is more or less anarchy in society, depending on the nature of the politics.

After 9/11, American society seemed to have anarchy on several fronts. Several assaults on Muslim Americans and the burning of foreign property. Or after Hurricane Katrina there was a part of the New Orleans ethnic community that was neglected. It is also a manifestation of anarchy in American democratic society. To quickly or slowly overcome the anarchic manifestations of the ruling power is determined by many factors, in which democratic institutions, democratic consciousness, spiritual orientation, morality, and respect for the rule of law. the authorities and the people (of the whole society) have a decisive role.

The people’s dictatorship or the democratic dictatorship (of the majority), even if there is no dictatorship, but the democracy is incomplete, there is still anarchy arising, making many people in the community always in danger. Danger, hardship, social disorder, strong rule, weak and weak, big and small raging openly.

In a real democracy, the interests of the whole society are satisfied in a fair and civilized manner, regardless of who is who. And it is impossible to have a gradually perfected democratic politics if that society does not have a mechanism to monitor, prevent, and replace the anarchic acts of the ruling power.

Who is entitled to anarchy?

That is, who has the right to handle social relations regardless of the law, standing above the state? Those are people who have power, have the right to kill, terrorist organizations or gangsters. Makhno, who led the anarchist rebellion against the Russian Bolchevick party after the 1917 revolution, is said to be the henchman of the rockers (landlords) and is described by the writer Alexey Tonstoy (Alekxey Nicolayevich Tonstoy 1882-1945). The action in the novel “The road to calvary” (Vietnamese translation by Cao Xuan Hao) is a typical example of anarchic action. He killed people arbitrarily, robbed arbitrarily, loved arbitrarily, made arbitrary alliances…

Anarchist ideology is an arbitrary and arbitrary thought. That evidence shows that whoever holds a gun (prison, court, army, police, police…) has absolute freedom, that is, the right to act anarchy, followed by the right to always sit in projected on in the village communal house. Such a political regime cannot win the hearts of the people.

Who suffers the woes of anarchy?

It is the poor people who cannot unite to fight the abuse of power because the alliance in the dictatorship is considered rebellious, reactionary and persecuted in many forms. People are persecuted and people are being persecuted. people are forbidden to gather together to fight the persecution is double oppression. That is the state of the country’s unsustainable development, which is the foreign debt that children and grandchildren have to pay. It is the gutted construction works, the public corruption of the autocratic power… Above all, the country is still poor and backward. But is there any dictatorship that brings happiness to the whole society in a sustainable way? Nor is there a dictatorship that lasts long (even with the backing of a big country), especially in In a modern world where competition and integration require political democracy. We should also learn the lesson of history, the price to pay for dictatorial politics is always cruel for this person and for everyone. that.

Conclude

The lust for absolute power is the lust for the absolute freedom of power. That lust is anarchic because only by being above the law can there be absolute freedom.

When those who campaign for democracy in Vietnam are accused of treason, treason, treason, etc., it proves that the desire for absolute freedom to exercise power is still strong. Anarchy was still common then. A society in which the autocratic ruling power tries to commit anarchic acts every now and then, that society loses its ability to orient, or develops arbitrarily, and is on the verge of a full-blown crisis.

Democracy with opposition, controlled, supervised, replaceable political power will repel anarchy.

See also: What is Crisp

In short, in order for Vietnam not to be gradually led to crisis by anarchist ideology and behavior, it must give up political dictatorship as soon as possible.

References:-

Political novels, Professor Le Thanh Hoang Dan translated from the original Les grandes œuvres politiques by Jean Jacques Chevalier, Youth Publishing House 1971-Vietnamese Dictionary, Social Science Publishing House, Hanoi, 1977-Dictionary philosophy, Hanoi Truth Publishing House 1957-English-Vietnamese Dictionary-Institute of Linguistics,Ho Chi Minh City Publishing House,1993-French-Vietnamese Dictionary-Dao Duy Anh-Saigon School of Public Publishing 1957-MTD2002 Electronic Dictionary versions 4.0 (Lac Viet dictionary)-Encarta Dictionary 2005- Microsoft corporation-Encarta world English dictionary 2004-Microsoft corporation (another name Microsoft encarta 2005 reference library premium DVD)-Marx- Encarta complete volume Hanoi Truth Publishing House 1987-Newspaper Youth,2005 Ho Chi Minh City

Source: internet

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