What is blood sugar – Troubleinthepeace

Unstable blood sugar fluctuations in people with diabetes or diabetes will cause serious consequences. Stable, near-normal blood sugar control is very important to help people with diabetes live a healthy life and prevent complications. webgiaidap.com would like to provide basic information to help you recognize, prevent and properly handle when your blood sugar falls into the “danger zone”.

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What factors affect blood sugar?

In people with diabetes, blood sugar fluctuations throughout the day are influenced by many factors:

Diet: when not following a suitable and balanced diet. Using foods with a high glycemic index or dieting with insufficient nutrition. Psychological stress. Having other diseases that lead to high blood sugar. Medicines: time to take medicine, drugs to treat diabetes Diabetes or other medications can have different effects on your blood sugar. Exercise: light or vigorous exercise will lower or raise your blood sugar.

Each person with diabetes (diabetes) responds differently to the factors listed above.

What is the “blood sugar danger zone” of diabetes mellitus (diabetes)?

This is when blood sugar is too low or too high. Blood sugar is considered abnormal when:

Fasting blood sugar After eating 2 hours blood sugar > 200mg/dL (11.1mmol/L).

What are the consequences of blood sugar in the “danger zone”?

Excessively low blood sugar, below 60mg/dL can easily lead to coma or even death if not treated in time. High blood sugar above 180mg/dL causes complications in eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels. Blood sugar, heart, brain… Too high blood sugar causes acute complications such as ketoacidosis coma, osmotic coma… Blood sugar fluctuates a lot, sometimes too high, sometimes too low also lead to complications , reducing quality of life.

What blood sugar level is safe?

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the following blood sugar levels are safe for most people with diabetes:

Fasting blood sugar: 90-130mg/dL (5.0mmol/L – 7.2mmol/L). Postprandial blood sugar 1-2 hours: less than 180mg/dL (10mmol/L).Blood sugar before bed: 110mg /dL – 150mg/dL (6.0mmol/L-8.3mmol/L).

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However, a safe, appropriate blood sugar level depends on age, severity of complications and comorbidities. You need to consult your treating doctor for advice specific to your condition.

What to do when there is abnormal blood sugar?

When blood sugar is low: should eat some cakes, candy, drink milk or sugar water. When blood sugar rises: should review your diet, food, check if you forgot to take your medicine. Then you should see a doctor. patients for advice and medication adjustment. Check blood sugar regularly.

How to avoid dangerous blood sugar zones?

From the moment you are diagnosed with diabetes (diabetes), you need to know how to take care of yourself and monitor the disease on a daily basis.

Self-monitor blood sugar and know the blood sugar level to reach (a safe blood sugar zone).Know how to handle when blood sugar fluctuates a lot, too high or too low. Follow a balanced, reasonable, nutritious diet. Nutrition. Daily exercise: choose the safest and most effective activity, for example walking for about 30 minutes a day is suitable for most patients with diabetes (diabetes). Taking medication to treat diabetes sugar (oral, injection) properly, according to the instructions of the treating doctor. Stop smoking.

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Good control of blood sugar, bringing blood sugar out of the danger zone helps you live a balanced, healthy life and reduce complications of diabetes.

Source: internet

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