What is counter argument – Troubleinthepeace


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How to write Argument Essay

1. How to write Body in argumentative essay

You have 3 ways to write a body paragraph in writing task 2 in general and in argumentative essay in particular as follows:

1.1. Way 1

• Topic sentence: Introduce the main idea of ​​the paragraph

• Supporting idea 1: Clarifying the topic sentence

• Supporting idea 2: Clarifying the topic sentence

• Supporting idea 3: Clarifying the topic sentence

1.2. Way 2

• Topic sentence: Introduce the main idea of ​​the paragraph

• Explanation: Explain and clarify the above opinion with your own arguments

• Example: Give an example to convince the reader to follow your direction

1.3. Way 3

• Topic sentence: Introduce the main idea of ​​the paragraph

• Counter-argument: State an opinion opposite to the one mentioned in the topic sentence

• Rebuttal: Claiming the opinion appearing in the counter-argument is wrong, is not reasonable

With this blog post, you will be focusing on how to write the number 3 – counter argument.

So how is counter-argument written?

When you write one of the IELTS Writing task 2 – argumentative essay question types, you will make an argument: you propose a hypothesis and give arguments and evidence to prove that the hypothesis is true. When you argue, you consider an argument against your hypothesis or some aspect of your argument, and then prove that your argument is not entirely true, unconvincing, or it is an old point of view ….., from which it is possible to once again prove the original hypothesis to be correct.

The part where you argue against the original hypothesis is called the Counter-argument, and the part where you prove the argument unconvincing is called the Rebuttal. Counter-argument and Rebuttal appear as an integral part of opinion essay (also known as argumentative essay for the purpose of making your writing more convincing and the point of view is properly and firmly defended.

For example:

• Topic sentence: I agree with eliminating the death penalty because it doesn’t help us reduce crime rates at all.

• Counter-argument: Opponents’ opinion is that corporal punishment should not be abolished because if criminals are to die, those who are about to commit a crime will be afraid to commit the offence.

• Rebuttal: This idea is too old because in reality, the death penalty does not reduce crime. Take the US as an example, big criminals like murderers and rapists have all been killed, but the crime rate is still increasing rapidly. Moreover, many times criminals are wrongly convicted and punished, causing innocent people to be wrongfully killed. Even more so, but the guy who is about to commit the crime is even more fearless because they think that after committing the crime they can change the crime to another guy, and I still won’t do anything.

2. Useful vocabulary for writing Counter-argument

2.1. How to give counter – feedback

There are several ways to give counter-arguments as follows:

• Many people that

• It is often that

that

• It might as if

2.2. How to make a rebuttal – negate a negative opinion

Along with counter-argument, the writer must present an effective counter-argument to show the reader that the writer’s position is stronger. Steps to take:

• Respond directly to counter – argument.

• Indicate why the counter-argument is incorrect or unconvincing

The ways to respond directly to counter-argument and to start introducing rebuttal are to use appropriate adjectives:

• What this argument is …< not supported by the facts/not logical/impractical/etc>

• This view at first, but…

• While this position is popular, it is

• Although the core of this claim is valid, it suffers from a flaw in its

3. 4 questions about how to write counter – argument in argumentative essay

3.1. Is counter-argument writing used with all essay types?

Answer: No, it is used ONLY with the argumentative essay form. How to write counter – argument aims to confirm the personal opinion of the writer by negating the opinion of the opposing party. Thus, we should only write the body of the essay this way if we are completely on one side of the issue, and want to prove that the second opinion is wrong. So this completely one-sided writing appears in which of the 4 essay types of IELTS Writing task 2? It is an argumentative essay when you completely agree or disagree with the issue being discussed.

3.2. If I completely agree or completely disagree, do I need to state the opposing person’s point of view in body 1 before affirming my opinion in body 2?

What does the above question mean? Take problem number 1 as an example. If you completely agree with the abolition of the death penalty, do you need to express the views of others (who do not agree with the abolition of the death penalty) in body 1 and state the reasons why? Do I agree with this removal in body 2?

Answer: It is NOT necessary to assert the opposing side’s point of view because if you write in the above layout, you will be mistaken for a discussion essay with opinion.

3.3. An argumentative essay is required to have at least one counter-argument paragraph?

Answer: Absolutely NO. There are too many articles that get high scores without writing counter-arguments. The main purpose of the argumentative essay is to convince the listener that my opinion is correct, and that you have 3 ways to express it (these are 3 ways of writing the body of the essay above). Counter-argument writing is optional. For example, in order to advertise Omo washing powder as effective, whiter clothes cleaner, does Omo need to negate other washing powders like Tide, Viso… which are not effective?

3.4. Can all paragraphs in an essay be written in counter-argument?

Why not? Let’s continue with the example of topic #1

I agree with the abolition of the death penalty for reasons of morality and effectiveness.

Body 1:

• Topic sentence: I agree with the removal of the death penalty because murder is an unethical and humane act.

• Counter-argument: Some other people think that those criminals have done unethical things before, they kill people, robbed so we don’t need to act ethically with them. Crime is unforgivable and we have a right to revenge.

• Rebuttal: The above point of view sounds convincing, but it is completely against the law. No one has the right to take another’s life. What’s more, if we kill these people, our behavior will be no different from their original wrongdoing, and so we fall into a constant vicious cycle of revenge.

See also: What is Slate

Body 2:

• Topic sentence: I agree with eliminating the death penalty because it doesn’t help us reduce crime rates at all.

• Counter-argument: Opponents’ opinion is that corporal punishment should not be abolished because if criminals are to die, those who are about to commit a crime will be afraid to commit the offence.

• Rebuttal: This idea is too old because in reality, the death penalty does not reduce crime. Take the US as an example, big criminals like murderers and rapists have all been killed, but the crime rate is still increasing rapidly. Moreover, many times criminals are wrongly convicted and punished, causing innocent people to be wrongfully killed. Even more so, but the guy who is about to commit the crime is even more fearless because they think that after committing the crime they can change the crime to someone else, but I still won’t do anything.

Oh my, your writing is going to be so powerful and persuasive. But absolutely that topic-counter-rebuttal must always agree with the same idea, avoiding the situation where one man’s beard is plugged in the other’s chin.

After this article, you can practice using counter – argument to make the argument in the article become sharper and more convincing. What did you have after the article? You really understand how this writing is, you have the vocabulary to write the article, what you are missing are just ideas. The first practice is to translate answer number 4 into English and complete the article completely. You can leave your article in the comments below to be corrected (if any).

There are some of you who are often confused about the method of using counter-argument, or counter-argument, in the IELTS writing task 2 test, so now let’s review it a bit.

When to use: This method of criticism is used in the form of agree or disagree (argumentative, one-sided) ie it gives me an opinion, asks me to agree or disagree, and I usually choose a definitive side. agree or disagree. So it must be clearly defined, in the article using counter-argument, we only insist on taking one side.

How to use it: Suppose, people give an opinion that watching TV is harmful, ask if they agree or disagree. I choose to agree because it distracts people, bad for health blah blah blah. Then, in the next paragraph, I counter-argument by getting an opinion that supports my opposite opinion (it’s good to watch TV because it has educational effects) to fight back (people are educated) better education from real activities than sitting around watching a TV screen). So it’s not half for or against, but completely on one side, but more convincing because I can also attack the other side’s argument.

How to write: Suppose in the above TV topic, I choose to agree. So paragraphs 1 and 2 I support the idea of ​​agreeing. Paragraph 3, I switch to the objection as follows

– Sentence 1: Introduce the objection

Many people that

It is often that

that

It might as if

– Sentence 2: Introduce your criticism

What this argument is…

This view at first, but…

While this position is popular, it is

Although the core of this claim is valid, it suffers from a flaw in its

Let’s take a look at an argumentative article about Korean parents letting their children learn English very early. This article contains counter-arguments.

Introduction

Korean, caught up in the spirit of educational competition, devote considerable resources to teaching that their children will learn English, from an increasingly children age. However, the push for learning English has been increasing, and may negatively impact their ability to learn English meaningfully, as well as other negative effects on their learning motivation, learning habits, and self-esteem.

Argument 1

Korean children are sent to private learning academies and private tutors, where they increasingly focus on memorizing grammar rules and vocabulary. Parents believe that their children are learning English, when in fact, they are merely learning facts about English.

Argument 2

A number of observational examples show that middle and high school children who have learned English in a mechanical, rote-based manner are unable to use their knowledge in any meaningful way, in conversational interactions in the classroom, or especially outside the classroom when they encounter foreigners.

Counter-argument

Some might claim that this kind of focus on studying English will enable students to succeed in college and in their careers. However, the focus on rote learning of non-communicative knowledge of English in fact leaves students very poorly prepared for the demands of college and careers. Increasingly, Korean universities are moving towards English-mediated courses or English-mediate instruction, where courses are taught in English, be it by a Korean or foreign professor. The traditional approach leaves students without practical comprehension skills or communication skills, and thus, they will have serious difficulties adjusting to real English in a real context. The same will carry over to their future careers, where they will have difficulties communicating with non-Koreans, or in dealing with English-language materials or contexts in their vocation.

See more: What Is Herpes

Conclusion

Summary of problem and implication for Korean educational policy

It is true that when the government provides free public transport every hour and every day, fewer people would travel by personal vehicles and the problem of traffic congestion is likely to be reduced. However, I believe this policy is completely unnecessary, and it has more drawbacks than benefits. Normally, traffic congestion only happens in rush hours due to the large number of commuters, so it would be a waste of money to supply free transport at night. Also, there are other equally important fields which need investment such as education or health care, so I think it is not a good idea to spend national budget solely on avoiding traffic problems.

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