Liberation means opening up the chains that bind you to an adverse painful situation.
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Nirvana (Nirvana) of Buddhism is not a paradise as many people mistakenly believe. People often think that cultivation is only about being released from this life and, upon death, being transported into a beautiful world, full of pleasures, without fear of any suffering. That beautiful world is called Ultimate Bliss or Nirvana.
There’s nothing more misleading than that.
Buddhism maintains that all things are impermanent and non-self, so it never admits that there is an unchanging existence of a world, even though that world is the world of Ultimate Bliss.
What is life? It is a transformation line. Because there is change, there is birth and death into kind; but also have birth and death into kind is time. The concept of time is inseparable from the concept of change: if there were no change, no time, there would be no life.
Let’s imagine that time stops completely, everything is silent and disappears, motionless… there can be no life. This dormant existence is a complete death. Assuming Nirvana is a life, then this life must not be a happy life, because it is a life, of course it must be a stream of transformation, but there is a transformation. destruction, birth and death, suffering.
If Nirvana is not a realm, a life, what is?
This issue, many scholars have not yet studied fully, hastily concluded that Nirvana is a state of destruction of nothingness. Saying this, although they appear to understand that Nirvana is not a realm of Ultimate Bliss, they also show that they do not understand what Nirvana is. To say that Nirvana is annihilation, nothingness, to say that Nirvana is a “state” can you hear it? What is “Status”? Let’s say the status goes. But the status of what? Is it an object? If so, this state is also always changing, for there is nothing that does not change. And if it is nothingness, there is no state that is called the state of destruction, nothingness.
So to say that Nirvana is a state is not correct. The word Nirvana is originally from the Sanskrit Nirvana, which can be translated as cessation, which is liberation. There should be an explanation to avoid misunderstanding. Annihilation does not mean a complete annihilation into nothingness as Western scholars mistakenly believe. This cessation means the cessation of karmic cause and effect. Degree means crossing the line of confusion to the shore of enlightenment and liberation. Buddhism maintains that the life of a being is a continuous stream of changes according to the successive cause-and-effect momentum of the five aggregates. The motive of that river is desire, lust. And desire, and lust, is life, and samsara is, just as if there is oil and heart, the lamp is still burning. When lust ceases, the continuous flow of the five aggregates ceases and ceases to arise and fall away. At that time Nibbana appeared. Nirvana is the manifestation of the mysterious being, or to put it another way, the penetration into the boundless and pure essence of a liberated being.
Nirvana has two things: Nirvana with remainder Y and Nirvana without remainder Y.
A sentient being is liberated, but still has a body, life and circumstances: living with that body, life and circumstances, still at peace, liberated, still not afraid of being swayed, dragged along with fear sad. Thus, Nirvana has a residual Y. When the body, life and circumstances cease to exist, then the incarnation is realized: That is, there is no residual Y Nirvana, there is no birth and death, no suffering, because there is no residual Y. Nirvana is not a life with birth and death. No Residual Y Nirvana is the eternal essence of all sentient and inanimate beings, unable to use language to visualize, and intellectuals to conceive.
However, from Nirvana with no residue, Y can manifest a miraculous miracle. The incarnations of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas are all manifestations of “conditional conditions” of the liberated beings who abide in the unresidual Nirvana. In Buddhahood, there are two kinds of wisdom: One is non-discriminatory wisdom, along with the true essence of abiding, regardless of object and subject; one type is the dissociative mind capable of perceiving the miraculous manifestations of the resident being, that is, the phenomenal world. Perceiving like that to transform, to complete the birth table.
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The phenomenal world is the magical world of transformations of the ontological world. But because of the veil of ignorance, sentient beings see that world as a world of suffering and darkness because they have brought their bad karma to harmonize with it or, in other words, because there is a part of the wrong perception that is smeared with it. dark subjectivity. Wearing a pair of negative karma glasses, sentient beings see the world of miraculous phenomena into a world of pain and with their negative karma, rolling around in that very “subjective” world of pain.
The old enlightened beings once praised the moon and flowers as manifestations of their being, because they had stripped off those glasses of ignorance, and the Lotus Sutra also teaches that the chirping birds are the miraculous phenomena of the essence of the eternal “dharma-body”:
The Dharma Parts of the Future,
Often self-extermination of generals:
Spring is full of flowers,
The King of the Dead is wounded
phenomena of the past,
Nature is usually quiet:
Spring comes with a hundred flowers blooming,
The golden willow is fragrant.
So, the essence of phenomena, which is clear and true, without birth and death, is Nirvana.
So Nirvana is the crossing to the other shore, liberation, the end of birth and death. But it is only the end of birth and death that the subject of birth and death is passive. A liberated being with Nirvana can live peacefully in samsara, without seeing birth and death, suffering, and still has in his hand a magical ability: freedom of birth and death, freedom to abide, freedom to Nirvana. Table. That ability in Buddhism is called the ability to change depending on the conditions, the ability to “be at peace”, one of the four virtues of Nirvana: Eternal, Happy, Self, Pure, Self-sufficient.
It is also necessary to explain the word Buddha here.
What is Buddha? Buddha is a person who has the perfect ability to be enlightened for himself and for others. The Bodhisattvas also have that ability, but they are not as perfect as the Buddhas, so they cannot be called “fully enlightened”.
Buddha is the most complete manifestation. The best and most worthy of the enlightened being. Because they are an emanation, the “Buddhas” are all incarnations of the Buddha, not necessarily the Buddha. The incarnation body (like Shakyamuni personally) has birth and death, but the dharma body, ie Buddha, is always immortal. Just like the wave layers have down, have walls, and break down, but the essence of the wave layers is water, it never goes up and down.
So a being who becomes a Buddha is to enter the boundless and completely enlightened being. And from that enlightened being, from that Nirvana, one can be completely free to incarnate, live, float in the birth and death changes of the phenomenal world and still be peacefully liberated, never now being carried away by the force of karma like immeasurable sentient beings. At this point, we can understand this miraculous sutra that everyone chants “Nirvana is birth and death, birth and death is Nirvana”. Indeed, Nirvana does not exist apart from samsara and it was in samsara that the Buddhas found it.
To end this article, let’s read a passage from the Pham Vong Sutra:
“The truth of all phenomena is neither birth nor death, neither permanence nor cessation, neither birth nor death nor Nirvana. A fool who is afraid of vanity but doesn’t want to run away, even if he leaves the void and runs away, he can’t escape the void. Those who seek the void, even if they run across the east, south, south, and west, will not find it. Those people only know the NAME of space but don’t know the REALITY of space.
Now there is a person who wants to find Nirvana, often goes back and forth in Nirvana without knowing that it is Nirvana, only seeing all birth and death afflictions: He only knows the name of Nirvana but does not know the REAL nature of Nirvana.
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Therefore, we cannot say that Nirvana exists outside of birth and death, nor can we say that liberation means leaving the present world. It is in the present that people must find Nirvana: Humans can still be liberated without not knowing. leave the world of birth and death.