What is Quantifier – Troubleinthepeace


webgiaidap.com Posted at 13:55 11/06/2019

Quantifiers is one of the words that frequently appear in English tests, especially international certification exams. Let’s also webgiaidap.com learn how to use Quantifiers as well as the necessary notes to get points in this section!

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I. QUANTITY ( FROM QUANTITY )

1. Words of quantity go with plural nouns

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a) Some

Some + countable noun (plural) + V (plural)

eg:

Some pens are on the table. – There are some pens on the table.

b) Any

eg:

There aren’t any chairs in the room. – There are no chairs in the room.

c) Many

Many + countable noun (plural) + V(plural)

eg:

There aren’t many people living here. – Not many people live here.

d) A large number of

A large number of + countable noun (plural) + V(plural)

eg:

A large number of English books have been bought by him – A large number of English books have been bought by him.

e) A great number of

A great number of + countable noun (plural) + V(plural)

eg:

A great number of students said they were forced to practice the piano. – Many students say that they are forced to practice the piano.

f) Plenty of

Plenty of + countable noun (plural) + V (plural)

There were plenty of berries. – There are many raspberries.

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g) A lot of/ lots of

A lot of/ lots of + countable noun (plural) + V(plural)

eg:

A lot of pupils/ lots of pupils are in the library now. (A lot of students/a lot of students are in the library now.)

h) Few/ a few

Few + countable noun (plural) + V (plural)

A few + countable noun (plural) + V (plural)

eg:

The house isn’t full. There are a few rooms empty. – This house is not full. There are a few empty rooms. He isn’t popular. He has few friends. – He is not famous. He has few friends.

i) Several

eg:

I’ve checked it several times. – I have checked it several times already.

2. Words of quantity go with singular countable nouns

a) Every

eg:

I go for walk every morning. – I go for a walk every morning.

b) each

eg:

Each day seems to pass very slowly. Every day seems to go by very slowly.

3. Words of quantity go with uncountable nouns

a) Some

Some + uncountable noun + V(singular)

eg:

There is some ink in the inkpot. There’s some ink in the ink bottle

b) Any

eg:

We haven’t got any butter. – We don’t have any butter.

c) Much

Much + uncountable noun + V(singular)

eg:

There isn’t much fresh water on earth. – There is not much clean water on earth.

d) A large amount of

eg:

He borrowed a large amount of money. – He borrowed a large amount of money.

e) A great deal of

A great deal of + uncountable noun + V (singular)

eg:

A great deal of rice is produced in Vietnam – A lot of rice is produced in Vietnam

f) Plenty of

Plenty of + noun (uncountable) + V (singular)

eg:

Don’t rush, there’s plenty of time. Don’t rush, there’s plenty of time.

h) A lot of/ Lots of

A lot of/ lots of + noun (uncountable) + V (singular)

eg:

Lots of sugar is sold in the shop. – A lot of sugar is sold at that store. A lot of time is needed to learn a language. It takes a long time to learn a language.

i) Little/ a Little

A little (not much but enough) + uncountable noun + V (singular)
Little (almost nothing) + uncountable noun + V(singular)

eg:

There is little sugar in my coffee. – There is very little sugar in my coffee. He spoke a little English, so we was able to communicate with him.- He speaks a little English, so we can communicate with him.

Note:

some: used in affirmative sentences, requests, invitations, suggestions.

any: used in negative and interrogative sentences

many, much: used in negative and interrogative sentences

a lot of, plenty of, a great number of … used in affirmative sentences

many, much: Always used in affirmative sentences with the words very, too, so, as

few, little: usually means negative, little is not enough

a few / a little: usually means affirmative, little enough to use

II. VERBS USED AFTER QUANTITY VERBS

1. Decimal, fraction, measure + singular verb

eg:

Three quarters of a ton is too much. – Three-quarters of a ton is too much.

2. All, some, plenty + of + singular noun + singular verb

eg:

Some of the milk was sour. – Some of the milk was sour.

3. Half, part, a lot + of + plural noun + plural verb

eg:

A lot of my friends want to emigrate. – Many of my friends want to emigrate.

4. No + singular noun + singular verb

eg:

No student has finished their assignment. – None of the students completed the assignment.

5. No + plural noun + plural verb

eg:

No people think alike. – No one thinks alike.

6. A number of + plural noun + plural verb

eg:

A number of countries are overproducing goods. Some countries are overproducing goods.

7. The number of + plural noun + singular verb

eg:

The number of visitors increased rapidly. – The number of visitors increased rapidly.

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