What is the English National High School Examination?

To get a score of 9+ in the National High School English subject, what knowledge should students pay attention to?

PHONETIC(4 sentences)

With the phonetic part (stress + pronunciation), in order to get the maximum score, students first need to learn new vocabulary and words, carefully look up the pronunciation, stress, and consecutively read the word out loud. ;At least 3 times and slightly exaggerating the tone of the word will help you remember it for a long time and have good reflexes when doing stress exercises. In addition, students also need to know the rules of accenting, pronunciation rules and apply them to exercises to make them fluent.

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On the other hand, there are many students who often mispronounce due to their habit of pronouncing English by spelling according to Vietnamese rules; combine vowels with consonants and add accents yourself; impose the pronunciation of other words when pronouncing similar words… Therefore, to do well in this exercise, students need to give up these habits when studying phonics, and then focus on words with rules, familiar and simple, the next will focus on irregularities and exceptions because the exam questions are very good. Wallet; For example, the stress of a two-syllable noun usually falls on the first syllable and the question will contain an answer where the exception has the stress on the second syllable. Furthermore, students also need to pronounce all new words correctly from the beginning and master the basics to avoid confusion.


GRAMMAR – VOCABULARY(12 sentences)

The technique for doing this exercise is that you need to quickly and accurately handle easy questions on major grammar topics, word types, etc. You should spend more time dealing with difficult, combined sentences. double topics or sentences with difficult knowledge in vocabulary, prepositions, phrasal verbs, articles, relative pronouns… In order to make more difficult sentences, when reviewing students first need to write note phrases in notebooks, memorize them firmly, avoid ambiguity, remember to forget, roughly…; The latter focuses on special forms of grammar. Wallet; eg special form unless, if only, mixed form of conditional sentence; relative pronoun “that” and reduced relative clause; Special passive sentences such as command or passive with indefinite subject. However, do not forget to understand the part of words with recognizable endings (noun, verb, count; count); focus on familiar sentence structures in textbooks, tenses, conditional sentences, direct, indirect, comparative, subject harmony, inversion, conjunctions, relative pronouns. Especially words such as: a few, few, little, a little, then most of, almost or like, alike, likely or another, other… are also often asked because students are often confused about this part.

Vocabulary is one of the important factors, deciding to get a high score when doing the test, learning vocabulary is a long process, you should learn vocabulary for 30 minutes in the morning when you wake up and in the morning. night before going to bed. They should learn and practice vocabulary in the direction of diversification rather than focusing on one type of lesson or part of knowledge, so in addition to learning vocabulary about phrasal verbs, they should also learn new words according to the topic. Parallel topics with new words related to the question type in the test such as synonyms and antonyms will help you a lot. To be able to memorize vocabulary easily, you should have a vocabulary notebook according to topics such as phrasal verbs, idioms, antonyms, synonyms… or prepare your own flash cards to easily learn new words anywhere. They should also do a lot of vocabulary exercises or read a variety of books and newspapers that will help them expand their vocabulary on many different topics as well as how to use them flexibly and accurately.



The format of the communication function in the national high school exam is quite diverse on communication topics in life, from thanking, apologizing, congratulating, asking permission, suggesting… to common questions and sayings. day. It is important to choose an answer that is appropriate to the communication situation, semantically appropriate, and to ensure politeness, courtesy, friendliness, not bad attitude, discomfort, but also avoid sentences that are too verbose. formal, academic, not suitable for everyday speech.

FIND synonyms, antonyms (4 sentences)

This part requires extensive vocabulary knowledge along with the skill of guessing the meaning of words in a sentence. Because in synonyms and antonyms, the underlined part is often a new word or a difficult word, it is difficult for us to know the meaning if we just look at the word alone, so let’s put them in a specific context. , with accompanying words that are quite easy to understand; explain and explain the part to find the meaning.

To do well in this type of exercise, you need to always apply reasoning and exclusion skills; GUARANTEE the essence of this type of article is as follows:

The bold words given by the test are usually words that rarely appear and that students have never encountered, while the options A, B, C, D are usually words and phrases that they completely know. ability to understand meaning. However, this type of test does not test whether the children’s vocabulary is wide or not, whether they know many new words or not, but actually test their ability to guess the meaning of words based on the context. The given sentence contains vocabulary that students need to guess the meaning of and will be placed in a certain context that, when they can translate the sentence, they can completely deduce the meaning of the word. Thus, the way to do the test here is to translate the meaning of the sentence and then infer the meaning of the word. Remember to pay attention to whether the question is synonym or antonym by underlining or circling the word CLOSEST – OPPOSITE in the question, because the given options have both synonyms and antonyms with the bold word to deceive the candidate. ; born.


Find mistakes (3 sentences)

The sentences in this section are often very long complex sentences and have many new words that make students feel scared looking at them. However, to solve this type of problem, the most important thing is that students need to analyze; be able to analyze the structure S+V+O, ie the main subject; main + main verb; main + object in a sentence. what is, then find out the unreasonable structure of the sentence or the main; is the error of the sentence.

They should also reduce that sentence to a known grammar topic, attach the options to the remaining components of the sentence that are sure to be correct to find mistakes in the unreasonable parts. If you get stuck, eliminate the sure-fire options and study the other, which may be wrong in terms of phrases, prepositions or vocabulary.

Children should note that they should not only read the underlined parts but read the whole sentence, if you can’t find the error, use the elimination method.

To do this part, they also need to master sentence structure, subject harmony, parallel structure and knowledge of words. Unpleasant errors are common; they are subject harmony, word errors such as like, alike, most, almost, other, another or quantity errors (a few, few, little, a little…) .

COMPLETE FROM(5 sentences)

Word filling is an indispensable form in the English test. It is intended to test students’ grammatical proficiency as well as their reading comprehension. The total number of questions for this article in this year’s exam is 5 questions. According to the logic of the question, one sentence is easy to score, 2 is average and 2 is difficult to classify students. Word forms to be filled in can be derterminer (quantitative word), vocabulary, relative pronoun or object pronoun, preposition. For each type of question, there will be a habit of creating its own topic and tips to avoid traps.

1) Determiner

Based on the sign that the following noun is singular; t or plural to determine the correct word quantity. The habit of making problems is confusing words like a little/a few, the number of/a number of, an amount of/the amount of.

2) Vocabulary

The sign of the word to be filled in is a noun when it is preceded by an adjective; verb, tobe or determiner.

The sign of the word to be filled in is ti; the adjective when it can be followed by a noun, usually preceded by the verb tobe or some words like seem/stay/become. In addition, we also consider the case of prepositions that come after ti; that adjective is in clusters.

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The sign to fill is an adverb (this form can be rarely encountered) when there will be a blank to fill in at the beginning of the sentence / at the end of the sentence or after the verb. Common is an adverb form that acts as a conjunction.

With blanks to fill in verbs, it is often necessary to rely on the context to choose the most meaningful verb. However, sometimes the words have the right meaning, it is necessary to rely on the preposition following the verb, which is a sign to help choose the correct verb.

3) Pronouns

The traps that are almost unique to this form are those between person and thing pronouns, and object pronoun traps for singular; t and many. The way to do the test is to identify the exact word/group of words that are being alluded to.

Signs to identify: Usually the word to look for will be before the comma of that sentence or right before the blank.

4) Types of prepositions

This is usually a student classification sentence, the topic often revolves around phrasal verbs accompanied by prepositions.

Thus, for the NORMAL FILLING-in-the-blank type, there are 2 types, some sentences can be completed within the main range; the sentence itself, or it is mandatory to read and match the sentence containing the blank with the sentences next to it. and the content of the new article can do. The knowledge asked in this lesson is related to grammar, prepositions, conjunctions, and relatively difficult vocabulary questions. Therefore, to do this type of lesson, you need to carefully consider the word before/after the blank and then read the whole thing again, while reading paying attention to phrases, phrasal verbs, phrases – genders. Which words often go together. Wallet; For example, we will use the phrase “have dinner” and not “eat dinner”. We will use Phrasal Verb “get up” to fill in the sentence “He often get up early” rather than get out, get in… So you need to memorize which words will be paired with which words.



The 2 units of the reading comprehension section are 250-300 words and 350-400 words in length and have a total of 15 sentences. There are 2 easy questions, 8 medium questions and 5 difficult questions. This is the most difficult type of test in the exam because there are many new words and it takes a long time to complete because it takes up a large number of questions. If the time allocation is not reasonable, students will lack time to do the rest.

To be able to do well in this type of lesson, students need to be equipped with a variety of vocabulary by topic and master the skills of skimming, content acquisition, as well as detailed reading skills, finding specific content. In addition, it is also important to rely on context to guess the meaning of words because it is difficult for us to know all the meanings of words in that passage.

In fact, students only need to understand 60% of the meaning of the passage and master the skills to be able to correctly answer all the questions in the test. However, many students only focus on learning grammar without focusing on learning vocabulary, so when doing reading comprehension tests, they often have to speculate too much, leading to wrong answers.

Many students do not master the test skills, often trying to translate the entire text is unnecessary and time consuming. Students need to fluently apply test-taking skills based on understanding 60% or more of the meaning. You can read the question first to get information about the reading passage or read the passage carefully to summarize the question before answering the question. After answering the questions, always go back to read the entire passage and go through the answers once to your understanding. Therefore, in order to get a high score, the most important part is test-taking techniques, then vocabulary, the ability to guess words, especially knowledge of word roots, analytical thinking, information analysis, good key word selection.

With the type of reading comprehension passage, students need to practice a lot to master the skills, ways of thinking, finding answers and allocating time. Students should do 4 reading comprehension passages a day, carefully study the lessons in the textbook, and take practice tests to expand their vocabulary, practice time allocation, and increase their confidence. When doing a reading comprehension test at home, you must first treat it as a real test to train your mind and judgment, and only use a dictionary to translate the text when you have checked the results.

WRITTEN Sentences(4 sentences)


This type of lesson is at an average level, not too difficult for children and often falls into the topics of conditional sentences, comparative sentences, direct-indirect transition sentences, passive sentences, inversions, structures. common… The point to note when rewriting sentences is to harmonize tenses, harmonize subjects and verbs, and reread them carefully so as not to make mistakes. In addition, they also need to master basic sentence structure as well as some idioms and verb phrases.


First of all, students need to clearly define what they need to do and be determined with this goal to the end. During the learning process, it is necessary to concentrate highly and study English regularly. You should create tasks for each day, week, and month and try your best to complete them.

While taking the test, do not leave any answers blank, if you do not know correctly, choose the answer that you “feel” is more correct.

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To get a good score in English, students need to pay attention to:

Improve daily vocabulary to have a good vocabulary to help process reading comprehension, fill in paragraphs.

Source: Compilation


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