Population structure is one of the criteria for assessing the development level of a country. So do you know what the population structure is? What is its characteristic? Join webgiaidap.com to find out what the population structure is as well as the characteristics related to the population structure in the article below!
What is the population structure? What is the golden population structure?
Define population structure. What is the population structure?
What is the population structure, which is a question that many people care about and pay attention to. In general, this concept can be understood as entering criteria such as age, occupation, gender, education level… that divide the population into different parts. These parts represent the characteristics of the group of people in that division.
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Definition of golden population structure
What is the golden population structure?
The golden population structure is understood as the population structure where the number of people of working age is higher than the number of dependents (the elderly, children), the term is 40 years. With the golden population structure, the number of young workers is young. gathered in large numbers and powerfully to use their youth and wisdom to create a large amount of material wealth and accumulate a large amount for the future before the aging population arrives.
Features of the population structure
Based on certain criteria, people divide the population into different groups with distinct characteristics.
Population structure by sex
What is the population structure? By gender is a concept that expresses the relationship between men and women or the total population.
Population structure by gender shows the relationship and ratio between men and women or with the total population Population structure under the influence of economic development level, migration and life expectancy (female>male) but over time, there is a certain shift in each region. Usually in developed countries, the population structure by sex is higher than that of men. The population structure affects the distribution of production, living standards and development and welfare policies of the developing countries. nation.
Population structure by age
Population structure by age is the gathering and arrangement of people into certain age groups. The division of the population according to the age group population structure helps the authorities to grasp the birth, death and life expectancy. and have a direction to develop policies to adjust and develop reasonable labor resources. In the population structure by age, there are 3 age groups: Under-working age group: from 0 to 14 years Working age group: from 14 to 59 (or 64) age Group over working age: older than 60 or 65 The population pyramid shows the population structure by age and sex. Consists of 3 types: expansion, narrowing and stabilizing towers.
A country has a young population when: there are more than 35% of people aged 0-14 and the number of people over 60 years old is less than 10%. A young population brings an abundance of labor to society but also creates great population pressure. A country has an aging population when: there are less than 25% of people aged 0-14, over 15% of people over 60 years old. The aging population exhibits a high quality of life due to the large population over 60 years of age and a wealth of life experience. However, this is also a challenge in terms of labor resources and a greater burden on social welfare for the country.
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Population structure by employment
The population structure by labor shows how the population and labor resources change in each economic region.
Active population by economic sector
There are 3 economic sectors: agriculture, forestry and fishery – KV1, construction industry – KV2 and services – KV3. At present, the trend of population shifting towards plan 2 and 3 is reduced in zone 1. This is very consistent with the process of industrialization and modernization of the country.
The labor force is divided into two groups. Economic activity group: those who have temporary or stable jobs or have labor needs. The group is active but has not found a job. Economically inactive group: students, students, housewives and some other cases not participating in labor.
The situation of population structure in Vietnam
As of July 2018 according to the latest data from the United Nations, the current population of our country is 96,535,399 people, accounting for 1.27% of the world population. The average age in our country is 31 years old. Vietnam’s population structure is currently the golden population structure, it is necessary to take advantage and develop this advantage further in building human resources for the development of the country.
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