What is Triac – Troubleinthepeace

Want to learn what is triac?. Working principle and structure of triac. Then you should definitely not ignore this article. The interesting information about triac is mentioned below.

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What is Triac? Triac’s Structure

What is Triac? What is the working principle? The answer will be shortly:

The concept of Triac

– Triac is a semiconductor electronic device. Used a lot in electronic boards to switch AC power for loads.

– Triacs come in a number of different shapes. But the main shape of the triac has 3 pins.

– On electronic circuits, Triac is denoted by T.

– The advantage of Triac is compactness and low cost. The disadvantage in using triac is that it distorts the sine.

– On classification includes:

Triac 4Q or standard again: It can be activated in 4 modes. Triac 4Q includes additional protective components such as resistors, capacitors (RC) on the main terminals. And a sensor coil is connected in series in the device.

Triac 3Q: activated at part angles from 1,2 and 3.

In non-resistive load applications, the 3Q triac is more efficient than the 4Q triac. Because the 3Q triac does not require protection circuitry.

Structure of the triac

Triac consists of 5 semiconductor layers creating a PNPN structure similar to that of a thyristor in both directions between terminals T1 and T2.

Therefore, it can conduct current in both directions between T1 and T2.

The triac can be thought of as equivalent to two thyristors connected in parallel in opposite directions.

To control the triac, just provide a pulse to the G pin of the triac.

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Principle of operation, application of triac

Working principle of Triac

The triac is capable of controlling the current to open the conduction by both the current entering the control terminal (positive pulse) and the current going out of the control terminal (negative pulse).

To open the Triac, a negative control current must be greater than a positive control current.

In fact, if you want to ensure the symmetry of the current through the Triac, it is better to use positive current.

It is easier to understand, like a specialized electrical switch to control AC equipment. Its pins are also roughly equivalent to that of an electronic switch.

Application of triac

Triac is a widely used component in life. As:

Triac is used a lot in desk lamps, easy to adjust lamp brightness.Used in ceiling fan control parts,In speed control circuits of drills and saws.Used in control circuits. control electric noodle pot. Control the temperature of industrial water furnace, steamer, drying cabinet…

Triac Test Guide

Use a multimeter to measure and test the triac. Follow these steps:

1. Step 1: Adjust the meter switch to the 100K high resistance scale.

2. Step 2: Connect the positive probe of the meter to the MT1 pin of the Triac and the negative probe to the MT2 pin of the triac.

The clock hand will go up and give a high resistance result.

The connection can be reversed.

3. Step 3: Continue to specialize the selector switch to the low-resistance scale. Connect MT1 and port G to the meter’s positive probe and MT2 to the meter’s negative probe.

The meter hand will show low resistance result.

Follow the above steps well, proving that the triac is working normally and without any problems.

It should be noted that the above method is not applicable to those Triggers that require high gate voltage and current to activate.

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See details on how to test the triac in the following video:

Above is information about the concept and principle structure of triac. Which we want to send to you.

Category: FAQ

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