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This article webgiaidap.com is about a practice and sect of Buddhism. For another extended concept, see Zen.
Zen BuddhismChinese NameTraditional禪 Simplified Chinese禅 Standard Chinese Pinyin ChinesePinyinChánWade–GilesCh”an2IPA<ʈʂʰǎn> Cantonesewebgiaidap.comêt binhSim4Middle Chinese Medieval Chinese dʑjen Name webgiaidap.commei webgiaidap.comiezen Korean NameHangul
Transliteration Romaja national languageSeonJapanese nameKanji禅 TransliterationRōmajiZenSanskrit nameSanskrit dhyāna
Buddhism Zen Buddhism Chinese Zen Buddhism webgiaidap.com Nam Seon Zen Zen Buddhism in the United States of America
Zen Buddhism in China Bodhidharma Hui Neng (Enō) Ma Zu Daoyi (Baso) Thach Tou Hi Thien (Kisen) Son Luong Gioi Cave (Tozan) Tuyet Phong Nghia Cun (Seppo) Lam Chi Nghia Huyen (Rinzai) Dai Tue Tong Tahui (Tahui)
Dōgen Hakuin Ekaku
Taego Bou Jinul Daewon Seongcheol
Zen Buddhism in the United States
DT Suzuki Hakuun Yasutani Taizan Maezumi Shunryū Suzuki Seungsahn Genre:Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism and Sutras The Teaching Foundation of Zen Buddhism Buddha Nature Mind Only School Bodhisattva Emptiness
Seals Zen Buddhism sect maps Ton ti and hierarchy in Zen Buddhism Organizations and studies webgiaidap.com about Zen Buddhism Main stories about Zen Buddhism
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Zen Buddhism (Chinese: 禪宗; pinyin: bored-zōng, Japanese: zen-shū (禅宗, Japanese: zen-shū?)), also known as the Buddha Heart School, the Patriarch of Zen is a school of Mahayana Buddhism. originated from 28 generations of Indian Patriarchs and spread rapidly in China, however, Zen masters in Zen Buddhism consider themselves separate schools that do not belong to Mahayana or Hinayana. Zen Buddhism was born in the 6th and 7th centuries, when Bodhidharma brought the Zen practice of Buddhism to China along with much of the mysticism of Taoism. Here, Zen Buddhism became a major sect, with the aim of being a practitioner who directly perceives the essence of things and attains enlightenment, as Shakyamuni Buddha did under the Bodhi tree. This sect was introduced into Vietnam from China as Zen Buddhism, and through Korea as Seon, or Japan as Zen.
Chinese Zen Buddhism was founded during the time when Buddhism was the subject of debate among the sects. To counter the trend”philosophize“, analyzing in detail the Buddhist teachings of other schools, Zen masters named their school “Zen” to emphasize the importance of webgiaidap.com realizing Buddha nature through practice practice. and attestation.
Zen Buddhism does not advocate abolishing the scriptures, but also does not recommend too attached to the scriptures, the scriptures are used as a means of reference, not the destination of Zen practitioners. The ultimate goal of a person who practices Zen Buddhism is to realize Buddhahood, understand his own pure mind, get rid of birth and death, and live with that pure mind. people also practice enlightenment like me, benefiting the sentient beings.
The characteristics of Zen Buddhism can be summarized as follows:
教 (Special)外 (foreign)別 (different)傳 (transmitted)
不 (Real)立 (up)文 (literary)字 (self)
(Direct)指 (only)人 (people)心 (heart)
(Kien)性 (calculation)成 (city)佛 (Buddha)
Out-of-canon dharma evangelism
pointing directly to people’s hearts
see the true nature of Buddha.
These four very clear and easily absorbed qualities are considered to have been mentioned by Bodhidharma, but it is also suggested that they came from the later Zen master, Nam Tuyen Pho Nguyen (zh. 南泉普願, 749). -835), a disciple of Ma Zu Daoyi. Legend has it that the concept of “Transmitting the Dharma outside the scriptures” was applied by Shakyamuni Buddha on Mount Linh Thuu (sa. gṛdhrakūṭa). In that Dharma assembly, he silently raised a flower branch and only Ma-ha-ca-lettuce (sa. mahākāśyapa), a great disciple, smiled and understood the meaning of the way “Wide heart transmits mind” (以心傳心, see Seal flower webgiaidap.com joke). Shakyamuni Buddha confirmed that Kassapa was the first ancestor of Indian Zen Buddhism. Since then, Zen Buddhism attaches great importance to the nature of enlightenment (zh. 頓悟), meaning “instant enlightenment”, on the path of cultivation.
1 History 1.1 Zen Buddhism in China 1.1.1 Formation period (500-600) 1.1.2 Early period (600-700) 1.1.3 Middle Zen period (700-900) 1.1.4 Dynasty Song (950-1300) 1.1.5 Post-Song period 1.1.6 Modern and modern period 1.2 Zen Buddhism at webgiaidap.comet Nam 1.3 Zen Buddhism in Korea 1.4 Zen Buddhism in Japan 1.5 Zen Buddhism in the West 2 Features 3 The Art of Zen Buddhism 3.1 In China 3.2 In Japan 4 Practice Methods 4.1 Pointing to the Mind 4.2 Koan Meditation, First Dialogue 4.3 Reflective Meditation 4.4 Influence of Mahayana Buddhism 5 See more 6 References 6.1 webgiaidap.com 6.2 Foreign languages 6.3 Comments 7 External links
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History < edit | edit source code>
Buddhist documents say that Zen Buddhism was formed when the Buddha passed the robes and bowls on to the venerable Mahakashtra as the first ancestor and formed Zen Buddhism through the continuation and inheritance of 28 patriarchs. also known as Tay Thien Nhi and the Eight Patriarchs. However, there are people who believe that the Buddha’s transmission of robes and bowls to Mahakashyapa is not mentioned in the scriptures in the Theravada Buddhist tradition or in Mahayana Buddhism, so the question arises. This subject makes many scholars doubt the truthfulness. To prove the legitimacy of Zen Buddhism, in the work “Zen Gia Quy Giam” by Great Master Tay Son, the Korean Zen monk Cao Khe sect gave three events in the scriptures to represent the webgiaidap. The story of the Buddha conveyed the mind seal to the Mahakayapa Patriarch:
The first time, when in the Spirit Thuong Assembly, a pagan religion brought flowers to offer, the Buddha raised a lotus branch to teach them, the whole assembly was bewildered, did not understand the Buddha’s teaching, only the great Enlightened Kassapa was smile, signifying the understanding of Self-nature. This story is quoted in the Great Brahman King’s question to Buddha Quyet Nghi Sutra. The second time, under the Da Bao tower, the Buddha divided half of the throne to preach the Dharma and asked Kashyapa to sit down, put on his robes and robes. the Kazap people. This fact is taken from the Lotus Sutra. The third time, when the Buddha entered Nirvana, Mr. Kashyapa, far away preaching the Dharma, did not return to meet the Buddha in time. The crowd wanted to bury the Buddha’s body but could not, until he came to the coffin, it was natural. The coffin was opened, revealing the feet of the Blessed One. This webgiaidap.com is quoted from the Mahaparinirvana Sutra.
Before the death of the Mahakayapa Patriarch, the master brought the Dharma eye organ and robes and passed it on to Venerable Ananda to be the Second Patriarch and so on through 28 generations, each life choosing only one. successor team. Zen Buddhism in India has some Southern ideas such as the Four Holy Fruits of Arahantship and webgiaidap.com meditation practice. And in the time of the 28th patriarch Bodhidharma, before the decline of Buddhism in India, and under the advice of Patriarch Prajnaparamita, Zen Buddhism was transmitted to China.
Zen Buddhism in China < edit | edit source code>
Zen Buddhism in China has a long history, with many ups and downs and changes. Western scholars of Buddhism divide Zen into different stages of development in China. The scholar Ferguson divides the history of Chinese Zen Buddhism into three periods from the 5th to 13th centuries:
) The Legendary period: from the time Bodhidharma introduced Zen to China until the rebellion of An Lushan in 765, documents on Zen Buddhism in this period are quite rare. This was the period when the transmission of the Dharma took place between the six Zen masters, from Bodhidharma to Hui-neng. And divided between the Southern Zen Tradition, represented by the Sixth Patriarch Hui Neng, and the Northern Zen School, represented by Ngoc Tuyen Than Tu. The Classical Period: from the end of the An Lushan Rebellion to the early Song Dynasty (950). This was the birth of many famous Zen masters such as Ma To Dao Nhat, Lam Chi Nghia Huyen, and the birth of the Yu Luc (yü-lü), which were books of behavior and koan, were born. Dharma language of Zen masters. This was the golden age of Zen under the Tang Dynasty. ) The Literary Period: from about 950 to 1250. During this period, Zen koan collections were compiled, and the Zen masters’ Scripts were added to the commentary. and chanting verses, especially the book Canh Duc Truyen recorded the behavior and dharma of thousands of Chinese Zen masters from the beginning to Phap Nhan Van Ich. This is the period following the golden age of the Tang Dynasty.
Another scholar, McRae, divides the History of Chinese Zen Buddhism into four periods:
Early period (500-600): Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589) and Sui Dynasty (589-618). During this period, Zen developed in many locations in northern China. And is based on the practice of Meditation (dhyana), has connections with such figures as Bodhidharma, Hue Kha. The most prominent work of this period is known as the “Two Decades and Four Actions”, which is said to be the work of Bodhidharma. Early period (600-900). During this period, Zen began to become more prominent and developed. Typical figures of this period are the Wu Patriarch Hong Ren (601-674), his disciple Shen Xiu (606-706), or Hui Neng (638-713), the main character in the Fa Bao Bao Dan Kinh, and He Ze. Than Hoi (670-762), who criticized Than Tu’s Zen as unorthodox and brought Hui Neng’s Zen to the forefront, was officially recognized by the court at that time as a direct lineage. The main sects at that time were Southern Zen, Northern Zen, and Niu Dau Zen. The Middle Zen period (750-1000) During this period Zen flourished with famous Zen masters. The most prominent are Ma To Dao Nhat (709-788), Thach Dau Hi Thien (710-790), Lam Te Nghia Huyen (?-867), and Tuyet Phong Nghia Cun (822-908). The main sects are Mazu’s Hongzhou Zen and Shitou’s Hebei Zen. An important text is the Anthology of the Patriarchs (952), and gives a large number of “meeting stories”, and famous genealogies of the Zen masters of Chinese Zen Buddhism.. Song Dynasty (950-1300). During this period, Zen took its full form of the “golden age” picture of Zen during the Tang Dynasty, and webgiaidap.com used Zen koans for webgiaidap.com to engage in spiritual research. The main characters are Dai Hue Tong Gao (1089-1163), who promoted the method of Thien Tou Meditation, and Hoang Tri Chinh Giac (1091-1157), who emphasized on webgiaidap.com the practice of Shikantaza (Shikantaza). The main sects are Lam Te and Cao Dong sect. Koan anthologies such as Bich Nham Luc were composed during this period, reflecting the Literary nature of the development of Zen Buddhism. During this period, Zen was transmitted to Japan and exerted a great influence on Korean Zen Buddhism through Tri Ne.
However, neither Ferguson nor McRae give a definite period for Chinese Zen since the Song dynasty.