What is the English designation?

What are demonstrative pronouns and demonstrative adjectives? How to use them? Let’s also VOCA learn all about indicative words in English today!

demonstrative adjectives that change according to the number of the noun…

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This/These/That/Those + noun + of + yours/hers… sometimes used for emphasis instead of your/her…

2.Instructions for using demonstrative adjectives

definite demonstrative adjectives Indefinite demonstrative adjectives
Singular Many
This ( this ) These Some: A few, a few
That (that) Those Any: Any

This, that + singular noun:


This driver is careful (This driver is careful)That driver is careless (The other driver was not careful)

These, those + plural noun:eg:

These tea cups look beautiful (These teacups look good)Those cars are in front of the hotel (The other cars are in front of the hotel.)


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Some + plural noun: few


There are some books on the table – there are some books on the table

Some + uncountable noun, singular: a feweg:

There is some difficulties about my grammar – There are some difficulties about my grammar

Any: a certain (person, thing), any

We don’t have any butter (We don’t have any butter)We don’t have any matches (We don’t have any matches)

-Attention:Some is often used in definite sentencesAny is often used in interrogative and negative sentences

3. Special cases:

a) Some can be used in interrogative sentences:– Express invitation or requestEg:

Will you carry some bottles for me, please? (Can you bring me some bottles, please?)

– Expressing expectation that the answer is Yes

Would you drink some coffee ? (Can I have some coffee, please?)

b) Any can be used in affirmative sentences when– Any means anyEg:

You can ask any person about it. (You can ask anyone about this)

– Before any there is if


If I buy any books. I’ll send them to you (If I buy a book. I will send you)

II. demonstrative pronouns



demonstrative pronouns include the words this, that, these and those that specifically indicate the person or thing being talked about. demonstrative pronouns stand alone. (…)


This is an apple pie. This is an apple pie.That is a good idea. That is a good idea.These are my friends. These are my friends.Those are maple trees. It’s a maple tree.

2.A guide to using demonstrative pronouns.

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Near the Far
Singular This That
Many These Those

This and these refer to people or things near the speaker or writer. This goes with the singular verb, modifies a person or thing. These goes with the plural verb, modifies many people or things.


This is my brother. (This is my older brother.)These are my brothers. (These are my brothers.)

That and those are used to refer to people or things that are far away from the speaker or writer. That goes with singular nouns and those goes with plural nouns.


That is a computer. (That’s the calculator.)That woman is a professor. (That woman is a professor.)Those are computers. (Those are computers.)Those women are professors. (Those women are professors.)

We usually only use demonstrative pronouns for things. But can also be used for humans when the person is determined.


This is Josef speaking. Is that Mary? (Josef please listen. Mary?)That sounds like John.(Sounds like John.)


– The demonstrative pronouns should not be confused with the demonstrative adjectives. A demonstrative pronoun stands alone, while an adjective specifies the complement of a noun.


Subject Nominative adjective + noun

That smells

It smells so bad

That book is good

That book was pretty good.


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